REPORT OVERVIEW: States Go First: How States Can Save Consumers Money, Reduce Energy and Water Waste, and Protect the Environment with New Appliance Standards

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Our "States Go First" report describes the opportunity for states to save with new appliance standards. For 2019 we have updated our recommendations for state standards and our analysis. Below we provide a short write up that describes our updated recommendations, analysis and assumptions for 2019, and the original report from 2017 that includes background on state standards, reasons for states to consider adopting standards, criteria we use for selecting our recommendations and information on the specific products for which we recommend standards. We also post updated 2019 savings estimates for each of the states and the nation as a whole.

NEW IN 2019

Write-up of changes to the analysis for the 2019 Model Bill

Assumptions table for the 2019 Model Bill

Summary of updates to 2019 Model Bill Analysis

2019 Model Bill

State-by-state savings (updated for 2019)

National Savings from State Standards

2017 REPORT

Download the 2017 Report

Overview of States Go First report

New appliance standards that states can adopt in the near term have the potential to save consumers and businesses billions of dollars while conserving energy and water resources. Appliance standards boost local economies since consumers and businesses spend most of the economic savings on other goods and services. The energy and water savings from standards can improve electric system reliability and defer or reduce the need for new energy and water infrastructure, which lowers utility rates for consumers. And the energy savings from standards also result in reductions in emissions of air pollutants, which can provide public health benefits while helping states meet clean air standards and greenhouse gas emissions targets.

Appliance, equipment, lighting, and plumbing product standards are a proven, successful policy at the state level.1 At least 18 states have enacted appliance standards at various times. These state standards have not only benefited the residents of those states, but have also helped spur national standards. Most of today’s national standards, which cover products ranging from refrigerators to commercial air conditioners to electric motors, started out at the state level. Even when state standards do not become national standards, adoption by just a few states can be sufficient to affect national markets. By going first, states have driven changes to national markets that have delivered very large savings.

States now have the opportunity to build on this legacy and once again take the lead in advancing new appliance efficiency standards to save energy and water, lower utility bills for consumers and businesses, and reduce air pollutant emissions.