Cooking Products


Cooking products include gas and electric cooking tops and ovens. A range includes both a cooking top and an oven. 


The current standards for gas cooking products took effect in 2012. The standard prohibits standing pilot lights in all gas cooking products whether or not they have an electrical cord. 

In 2024, DOE adopted the first performance standards for electric and gas cooking tops. The 2024 final rule also established prescriptive requirements for electric and gas ovens, which prohibit the use of inefficient power supplies. The standards were based on a joint recommendation from manufacturers and efficiency advocates, and compliance will be required beginning in 2028.


The efficiency of electric smooth cooking tops can be improved by using more efficient heating elements and by improving the efficiency of the power supply used to power the electronic controls, while gas cooking top efficiency can be improved by optimizing the burner and grate design. The efficiency of ovens can be improved by replacing inefficient linear power supplies with more efficient switch-mode power supplies and by adding convection mode capability. 


Federal Date States
Potential Effective Date of Updated Standard 2020
Updated DOE Standard Due 2017
Test Procedure - Last Revised - Standby/Off Mode 2012
2nd Federal Standard Effective 2012
2nd Federal Standard Adopted (DOE) 2009
Test Procedure - Last Revised - Active Mode 1997
1st Federal Standard Effective 1990
1st Federal Standard Adopted (Congress) 1987
NAECA Initial Federal Legislation Enacted 1987

Timeline reflects state standards from 2001 to present; federal standards from inception to present.