Pool Pumps


Dedicated-purpose pool pumps (DPPPs) are used to circulate and filter swimming pool water in order to maintain clarity and sanitation.


The current standards for DPPPs took effect in 2021 and are the first federal efficiency standards for these products. The standards were negotiated by a working group, which included representatives from pool pump and motor manufacturers, state government, utilities, and efficiency advocates. For most in-ground pool pumps, the standards effectively require the use of variable-speed motors, which can cut energy use by about 70% relative to single-speed pumps.


As of 2020, there were nearly nine million swimming pools in the US. A typical single-speed pool pump can consume up to 6,000 kWh of electricity per year, which is equivalent to about half the annual electricity consumption of an average US household. Variable-speed pumps provide huge energy savings by being able to operate at a low speed most of the time while the pump is circulating water for filtration.

Savings through what year?: 2050
Energy saved (quads): 3.8
CO2 savings (million metric tons): 202
Net present value savings ($billion) 3% discount rate: 24
Net present value savings ($billion) 7% discount rate: 11


Federal Date States
Potential Effective Date of Updated Standard 2028
Updated DOE Standard Due 2025
1st Federal Standard Effective 2021
1st Federal Standard Adopted (DOE) 2017
2012 AZ Standard Effective
2010 CT Standard Effective
2010 WA Standard Effective
2010 CA Standard Effective
2009 CA Standard Adopted
2009 AZ Standard Adopted
2009 WA Standard Adopted
2007 CT Standard Adopted
2006 CA Standard Effective
2004 CA Standard Adopted
EPACT Initial Federal Legislation Enacted 1992

Timeline reflects state standards from 2001 to present; federal standards from inception to present.