National

National Standards

National energy efficiency standards for appliances, lighting products and equipment have been saving energy and money since the late 1980s, often with little notice.  But, the tide is turning—national standards are gaining attention, appearing at the top of many “What can we do to reduce energy waste?” lists. Standards specify the minimum energy and/or water efficiency levels of specific products. Since 1987, Congress has established or directed the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to set efficiency standards for more than 55 products. DOE is also charged with reviewing and updating all standards to keep pace with technological change. National standards apply to products manufactured or imported for sale into the United States while state standards apply to products sold or installed in a given state.

A 2017 ASAP/ACEEE report titled, “Energy-Savings States of America: How Every State Benefits from National Appliance Standards” estimates that existing consumers and businesses saved $80 billion on utility bills from existing standards in 2015. Savings will grow to nearly $150 billion by 2030. The economic value of existing standards can also be expressed on a cumulative basis, counting both costs and benefits. Accounting for products sold between 1987 and 2035 and for estimated product price increases, total net present value savings from national standards is $2.4 trillion for US consumers and businesses, or roughly enough to purchase about 70 million new cars.

National Standards Resources

If you’d like information about… Go to…
Residential, Commercial and Lighting Standards       See the National Product Table                        
DOE’s Appliance and Equipment Standards Program DOE’s Appliance and Equipment Standards Homepage            
DOE’s Rulemaking Process Rulemaking 101
Rulemaking Schedule DOE Schedule by Date
DOE Schedule by Product
Benefits of Standards Why National Standards?
Report on Potential New Standards

Next Generation Standards

History of Standards in the U.S. History
Appliance Standards Laws and Regs Laws and Regs
Related Topics Frequently Asked Questions

= Water Savings Standards  = Missed DOE Deadline
Residential
Product Covered Initial Legislation Last Standard Published Compliance Date Issued By Proposed Standards Due New Final Standard Due Potential Compliance Date States With Standard
Battery Chargers EPACT 2005
2016
2018
DOE
2024
2026

CA

CA
CA

OR

OR
OR
Boilers NAECA 1987
2016
2021
DOE
2024
2029
Ceiling Fans EPACT 2005
2017
2020
DOE
2025
2028
Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps NAECA 1987
2017
2023
DOE
2025
2030
Clothes Dryers NAECA 1987
2011
2015
DOE
2019
2022
Clothes Washers NAECA 1987
2012
2018
DOE
2020
2024
Compact Audio Equipment

CA

CA

CT

CT

OR

OR
Computers and Computer Systems
N/A

CA

CA
Cooking Products NAECA 1987
2009
2012
DOE
2017
2020
Dehumidifiers EPACT 2005
2016
2019
DOE
2024
2027
Direct Heating Equipment * NAECA 1987
2016
None
DOE
2021
2024
Dishwashers * NAECA 1987
2016
None
DOE
2021
2024
DVD Players and Recorders

CA

CA

CT

CT

OR

OR
External Power Supplies EPACT 2005
2014
2016
DOE
2021

CA

CA
CA
Faucets EPACT 1992
1992
1994
Congress

CA

CA

CO

CO
Furnace Fans EPACT 2005
2014
2019
DOE
2022
2025
Furnaces NAECA 1987
2007
2015
DOE
2016
Game Consoles
N/A
Hearth Products
N/A
Microwave Ovens NAECA 1987
2013
2016
DOE
2021
2024
Miscellaneous Refrigeration Products
2016
2019
DOE
2024
2027

CA

CA
CA
Pool Heaters NAECA 1987
2010
2013
DOE
2018
2021
Pool Pumps
2017
2021
DOE
2025
2028

AZ

AZ

CA

CA

CT

CT

WA

WA
Portable Air Conditioner NAECA 1987
None
DOE
Portable Electric Spas

AZ

AZ

CA

CA

CT

CT

OR

OR

WA

WA
Refrigerators and Freezers NAECA 1987
2011
2014
DOE
2019
2022
Room Air Conditioners NAECA 1987
2011
2014
DOE
2019
2022
Set-top Boxes
N/A
Showerheads EPACT 1992
1992
1994
Congress

CA

CA

CO

CO
Televisions NAECA 1987
N/A

CA

CA
CA

CT

CT
CT

OR

OR
OR
Toilets EPACT 1992
1992
1994
Congress

CA

CA
CA

CO

CO

GA

GA

TX

TX
Water Heaters NAECA 1987
2010
2015
DOE
2018
2023
*Direct Heating Equipment:

DOE is required to issue either a proposed revised standard or a determination that no change is warranted no later than six years after the last final rule amending a standard. Products for which a publication date is listed in the table for the last standard but for which no compliance date is listed are those for which DOE determined that no change to the standard was warranted.

*Dishwashers:

DOE is required to issue either a proposed revised standard or a determination that no change is warranted no later than six years after the last final rule amending a standard. Products for which a publication date is listed in the table for the last standard but for which no compliance date is listed are those for which DOE determined that no change to the standard was warranted.

= Water Savings Standards  = Missed DOE Deadline
Commercial/Industrial
Product Covered Initial Legislation Last Standard Published Compliance Date Issued By Proposed Standards Due New Final Standard Due Potential Compliance Date States With Standard
Automatic Commercial Ice Makers EPACT 2005
2015
2018
DOE
2023
2026
Boilers, Commercial EPACT 1992
2009
2012
DOE
Clothes Washers, Commercial EPACT 2005
2014
2016
DOE
2022
2025
Commercial CAC and HP (65,000 Btu/hr to 760,000 Btu/hr) EPACT 1992
2016
2018
DOE
2024
2029
Commercial CAC and HP (<65,000 Btu/hr) EPACT 1992
2015
2017
DOE
2023
2026
Commercial CAC and HP (Water- and Evaporatively-Cooled) EPACT 1992
2012
2013
DOE
2020
2023
Commercial Refrigeration Equipment EPACT 2005
2014
2017
DOE
2020
2023
Commercial Warm Air Furnaces EPACT 1992
2016
2023
DOE
2024
2029
Commercial Water Heaters EPACT 1992
2001
2003
DOE
2018
2021
Compressors EPACT 1992
N/A
Computer Room Air Conditioners EPACT 1992
2012
2013
DOE
2018
2021
Distribution Transformers: Liquid-Immersed EPACT 1992
2013
2016
DOE
2021
2024
Distribution Transformers: Low-Voltage Dry-Type EPACT 2005
2013
2016
DOE
2021
2024
Distribution Transformers: Medium-Voltage Dry-Type EPACT 1992
2013
2016
DOE
2021
2024
Electric Motors EPACT 1992
2014
2016
DOE
2022
2025
Fans and Blowers EPACT 1992
N/A
Hot Food Holding Cabinets

CA

CA

CT

CT

DC

DC

MD

MD

NH

NH

OR

OR

RI

RI

WA

WA
Packaged Terminal AC and HP EPACT 1992
2015
2017
DOE
2023
2026
Pre-Rinse Spray Valves EPACT 2005
2016
2019
DOE
2024
2027
Pumps, Commercial and Industrial EPACT 1992
2016
2020
DOE
2024
2027
Single Package Vertical Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps EPACT 1992
2015
2019
DOE
2023
2026
Small Electric Motors EPACT 1992
2010
2015
DOE
2018
2021
Unit Heaters EPACT 2005
2005
2008
Congress
Urinals EPACT 1992
1992
1994
Congress

CA

CA
CA

CO

CO

TX

TX
Vending Machines EPACT 2005
2016
2019
DOE
2024
2027
Walk-In Coolers and Freezers EISA 2007
2014
2017
DOE
2020
2023
Water Dispensers

CA

CA

CT

CT

DC

DC

MD

MD

NH

NH

OR

OR

RI

RI

WA

WA
Water-Source Heat Pumps EPACT 1992
2015
2015
DOE
2023
2026
= Water Savings Standards  = Missed DOE Deadline
Lighting
Product Covered Initial Legislation Last Standard Published Compliance Date Issued By Proposed Standards Due New Final Standard Due Potential Compliance Date States With Standard
Candelabra & Intermediate Base Incandescent Lamps
2007
2012
Congress
Ceiling Fan Light Kits EPACT 2005
2016
2019
DOE
2024
2027
Compact Fluorescent Lamps EPACT 2005
2005
2006
Congress
Deep-Dimming Fluorescent Ballasts

CA

CA
Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts NAECA 1988 1988
2011
2014
DOE
2019
2022
General Service Fluorescent Lamps EPACT 1992
2015
2018
DOE
2023
2026
General Service Lamps EISA 2007
2007
2012
Congress
2022
2025
HID Lamps EPACT 1992
2015
DOE
2020
2023
High Light Output Double-Ended Quartz Halogen Lamps

OR

OR
Illuminated Exit Signs EPACT 2005
2005
2006
Congress
Incandescent Reflector Lamps EPACT 1992
2015
None
DOE
2023
2026
Incandescent Reflector Lamps (includes certain BR and Other Exempted IRLs) EPACT 1992
N/A
Luminaires EPACT 1992
N/A
Mercury Vapor Lamp Ballasts EPACT 2005
2005
2008
Congress
Metal Halide Lamp Fixtures EISA 2007
2014
2017
DOE
2019
2022
Small-Diameter Directional Lamps

CA

CA
Torchiere Lighting Fixtures EPACT 2005
2005
2006
Congress
Traffic Signals EPACT 2005
2005
2006
Congress